Nuclear winter | Wikipedia audio article

Nuclear winter | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:

00:00:43 1 General
00:06:17 2 Mechanism
00:09:29 2.1 Aerosol removal timescale
00:11:41 2.2 Soot properties
00:12:47 3 Consequences
00:12:57 3.1 Climatic effects
00:13:48 3.2 Ozone depletion
00:15:11 3.3 Nuclear summer
00:17:03 4 History
00:17:12 4.1 Early work
00:25:39 4.1.1 Science fiction
00:26:55 4.2 1980s
00:37:55 4.3 1990
00:39:26 4.4 Kuwait wells in the first Gulf War
00:46:51 5 Recent modeling
00:48:11 5.1 2007 study on global nuclear war
00:50:59 5.2 2014
00:52:32 5.3 2018
00:52:54 6 Criticism and debate
01:05:45 6.1 Critical response to the more modern papers
01:08:01 7 Policy implications
01:14:41 7.1 Soviet exploitation
01:18:49 8 Mitigation techniques
01:19:26 8.1 Fire control
01:20:10 8.2 Producing food without sunlight
01:21:06 8.2.1 Large-scale food stockpiling
01:21:56 9 Climate engineering
01:23:17 10 Potential climatic precedents
01:26:16 11 See also
01:27:34 12 Documentaries
01:28:00 13 Media

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“I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.”
– Socrates

Nuclear winter is a severe and prolonged global climatic cooling effect hypothesized to occur after widespread firestorms following a nuclear war. The hypothesis is based on the fact that such fires can inject soot into the stratosphere, where it can block some direct sunlight from reaching the surface of the Earth. It is speculated that the resulting cooling would lead to widespread crop failure and famine. When developing computer models of nuclear-winter scenarios, researchers use the conventional bombing of Hamburg, and the Hiroshima firestorm in World War II as example cases where soot might have been injected into the stratosphere, alongside modern observations of natural, large-area wildfire-firestorms.