Watching this video could help you save a life, maybe even your own! In this video, I’ll be teaching you first-aid vocabulary. Beyond that, I’ll teach you what to do in case of a medical emergency. You’ll learn who to call, what you can do while waiting for paramedics, and a little bit about treating injuries yourself. I’ll also talk about First Aid kits and what your kit should should have in it. You’ll learn vocabulary such as EMS, first responders, paramedic, stabilize, assess, defibrillator, CPR, and more. You’ll learn to describe different medical emergencies and treatments, in case you or someone you know ever needs to be treated by a doctor or paramedic. Stay safe, and take care of yourself. But if an emergency arises, please be prepared. In addition to watching this lesson, I also recommend that you take a first aid course.
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Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I’m Adam. In today’s video we’re going to look at: “First Aid”. Basically, taking care of somebody during an emergency if some bad thing happened, like a car accident or you fell down while mountain climbing, or anything bad that happened where you got injured or wounded, you’re going to be receiving first aid before they get you to the hospital where they’re going to take care of you.
So, first, as the name implies, first aid is the first thing they do when the emergency happened. Somebody will call 911. In some countries I’m pretty sure it’s 119, but again, wherever you are make sure you know the emergency number for EMS, the emergency medical services. Basically these are the people that send the ambulance and come in the ambulance. They’re also called first responders. They’re the first people to respond to the call to come and make sure everything’s okay or to try to make everything okay. The people who drive the ambulance are called paramedics. Okay? You will also find paramedics in fire trucks. Usually ambulances and fire trucks come together. The fire trucks have a lot more equipment on them.
Now, the first thing they’re going to want to do is figure out what’s going on, so they’re going to assess the situation. Right? They’re going to look around, see what kind of injury’s involved, what kind of action they need to take, for example. But sometimes they come, they see blood everywhere, right away they know they need to stabilize. “Stabilize” means make stable, means if somebody’s bleeding, first stop the bleeding. If somebody is having a heart attack or somebody’s in shock, stop that situation first before you do-excuse me-anything else.
Now, one of the things they’re also going to do is demobilize. “Demobilize” means make sure that the person who is injured doesn’t move. Can’t move, can’t be moved. Okay? They will put him in a straight line, make sure that everything is secure so if he moves or she does even more damage, that’s not a good thing. So, stabilize, demobilize, assess what’s going on. And then what you’re going to do is you’re going to administer first aid. So we don’t do first aid, we don’t make first aid. We administer. It basically means, like, give, but we… This is the more common word. You can say give first aid and you attend to the person, means you take care of them, you figure out what they need, give them that. Okay?
Now, in some cases they’re going to have to defibrillate. They’re going to use a defibrillator. This is a machine that sends an electric shock into the body. So if someone’s having a heart attack, for example, and their heart just stops beating, they’re going to take the two paddles, they’re going to charge the machine with electricity, going to put them two paddles, and: “Whoom”, send electricity into the body, get that heart pumping again. So this machine is called a defibrillator. The action is to defibrillate. Okay? Now, it is becoming more and more common to see these machines in all kinds of areas; on planes and trains they have them, in many public places they have a machine ready just in case somebody needs it. Hopefully not.
Something else they might have to do is give CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation. To resuscitate basically means to bring back to life. So CPR, if somebody stops breathing, if the lungs stop pumping air in and out of the body, then they’re going to have to give CPR, administer CPR. Somebody will have… They can have a bag with a pump or somebody will just have to put their mouth on your mouth and blow air into your lungs. Fill the lungs, push it out, fill the lungs, push it out, make sure everything is okay until the lungs start basically working by themselves. So that’s called CPR.